The overall humanitarian situation in Ethiopia has significantly deteriorated since the beginning of the year leading to increased humanitarian needs across the country. The cumulative impact of ongoing conflict and violence, climatic shocks such as the prolonged drought, and more recently floods, constitute the main triggers of such a rise. More than 29 million people were estimated in need of humanitarian assistance and protection at the beginning of 2022, compared to 23.5 million people at the beginning of 2021, and 8.4 million people in 2020. Nearly three quarters of the people in need this year are women and children. Ethiopia is experiencing one of the most severe droughts in the last forty years following four consecutive failed rainy seasons since late 2020 pushing an increasing number of people into an alarming situation.
In northern Ethiopia, specifically in Amhara, Afar and Tigray regions, the humanitarian situation continues to be dire with high needs across the sectors including high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition.
Increased displacements as result of the conflict left at least 2.3 million in need of assistance in Northern Ethiopia regions. This situation has been exacerbated by drought and floods causing displacement of more than 600,000 people and raising the number of people in need of assistance to over 20 million.
AIRD has been fully operational in Ethiopia since September 2022. Following the peace treaty signed on 2 November 2022 allowing humanitarian access to the people in need as well as transitional and development response in destroyed communities, AIRD plans for the next three years (2023-2025) to structure its strategy by adapting on the trends in the country, aligning on government relief, transitional and development strategy and priorities, examine our strengths as an organization, and decide how we can serve in a greater capacity for those who require our support the most.